Alright so today on Repairs101 Iím going to go over some of the basic things you need to know about files, rasps and rifflers for wood, metal, plastic and stone.

A file is a sophisticated rasp and a riffler is a specialized rasp with ends curved and profiles varied to follow shapes and contours and create detail.

straight cut / single cut file  selection of rifflers  half round / half moon / crescent moon file

Always use a handle so your hand or wrist doesnít get impaled by the fileís tang.

Protect your files by storing them so they donít contact each other or other metal objects.

Keep the teeth from clogging with debris by using ordinary chalk.

File card and wire brush for file maintenance

Keep your files clean using a file card or failing that a wire brush.

Rasps and rifflers are great for wood, plastic and softer stones.



Files are used on wood, plastics, metals, as well as other materials.

They come in single or straight cut Ö and double or cross cut and have different shapes.

Cross cuts are far more aggressive.

Diamond files are good for metals and stones.

Imperial / SAE bolt thread file   Diamond file surface

Keep the surface wet with Windex or soapy water to float away cutting debris.

Vary your cutting pattern by using a figure eight motion.

See how no two figure eights are exactly the same?

Rotary files are used with a pneumatic die grinder.

So, the thing about cutting faces is Ė the longer the file the bigger the teeth and therefore the coarser the cut.

So even though two files may be classified as having the same face the smaller one will deliver a finer cut.

Alright, thanks for watching and donít forget to subscribe!

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